The bura (bora) and the jugo-siroco (jugo-scirocco)
are the main winds on the Adriatic. They prevail in the winter
period from September to May. The prevailing wind in the summer
is the maestral.
The bora is a cold and dry north-easterly wind.
It blows from the continent, i.e. from the eastern side of the
Adriatic towards the open sea and brings bright weather. It starts
abruptly and blows in squalls toward the sea. It is strongest in
the Velebit Channel and the Gulf of Trieste. Picture shows typical "bura" corridors: (1) Golf
of Trieste, (2) Kvarner, (3) Velebit
Channel, (4) Sibenik, (5) Split
- Makarska, (6) Peljesac and (7) Dubrovnik.
In the summer the bora blows as a local wind and then lasts
only a few days. In the winter it may continue for six to fourteen
The jugo is a warm, humid east-southeast
wind. It is accompanied by heavy clouds and rain. It is not a sudden
wind like the bora but takes 36-38 hours to develop. It
blows throughout the Adriatic. In the summer it may appear as a
local wind and is more frequent in the southern part of the Adriatic.
Between March and June it blows in the north as well.
The maestral is a local wind which blows from
the sea, mostly in the summer. It usually starts between 10 and
11 in the morning and reaches its greatest strength between 2 and
3 in the afternoon to die down at sunset. It brings good weather.
It is usually accompanied by white clouds.
The burin, a north-easterly, blows in the summer
from the mainland.
The tramontana is a type of bora; it is
Another type of bora is the easterly levante.
Pulenat blows from west and lebic from